Internet dating and romance scams
As the scam progresses the nature of the emergency becomes more desperate and more and more money is requested from the victim.
Stories exist of victims parting with their life savings and even remortgaging their houses to obtain funds to send to the scammer. The scenario described above sounds so incredible that doubtless we would say that we would never fall for such a ploy. Therefore the question is whether psychology can help in predicting the types of people most likely to fall victim to dating scams.
Psychological Factors Affecting the Likelihood of Being Scammed Firstly, Whitty found that the respondents who scored high on impulsivity were more likely to be the victims of scams.
One of the tactics employed by the scammer is the creation of a sense of urgency to respond to their request (e.g.
Similarly, there was no difference of likelihood of being scammed between people with an internal or external locus of control.
Furthermore, women were more likely to be scammed than men (60% compared to 40%). (2012), ‘Online Dating: A Critical Analysis From the Perspective of Psychological Science’ Psychological Science in the Public Interest 13 (1) 3 –66. this is surely the best page to find all about (Shieldspyhacks .
In terms of educational level, it would have seemed likely that less educated people might have fallen victim to scams compared to better educated people.
Those who score highly on measures of addiction find it more difficult to ‘walk away’ from the scammer and the scam once it has started, and surprisingly sometimes even when they are informed by the authorities that they have been scammed.
The explanation is that the scam victims are similar to gamblers in that they get caught up in the process, perceiving it as a ‘near win’ situation.
The participants in this study were 11,780 people from the UK who completed an online survey.